Who has the authority in giving the Ten Commandments?


(Who has the authority in giving the Ten Commandments?)

In every written law of a country, there is a brief introductory statement called the PREAMBLE that expresses the authority and intention of the fundamental laws and guiding principles of the nation.

The preamble of the Constitution is this: “We the people of the United States of America do ordain and establish this Constitution …and so on.” One should declare a preamble or a preliminary introduction when searching an individual’s private property or ordering someone to submit to authority, to compel observance of or obedience to.

For example: “This is the FBI, open the door!”   If you will just order a person to open the door, the person inside the house will shout back. “Who are you!?” One should declare the preamble before ordering the law. In like manner the Ten Commandments also have its preamble. The authority behind this, gives the command. Let us find out who has the authority.

When the Hebrew pray to God, they will say; “Oh, God of Abraham, God of Isaac, God of Jacob.” There was no name. The word “ELOHIM” in Hebrew is plural and refers to God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. The singular form is “ELOAH,” a term sometimes used in the ordinary sense of gods. The pagan gods have their names. But the ELOHIM of the Hebrews had no name that was why Moses asked God what His Name is. Let us read (EXODUS 3:13-14), Then Moses said to God, “Behold, I am going to the sons of Israel, and I shall say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you.’ Now they may say to me, ‘What is His name?’ What shall I say to them?” And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM” and He said, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you’.

The letter “I” is the first person singular pronoun in the nominative case. “AM” is the first person singular, present indicative of BE. The word “I AM” which is a verb to be, becomes a proper noun or a name.  “THE GREAT I AM”.

Jesus is God the Creator in the gospel of John. (JOHN 1:1 TO 3) “In the beginning was the WORD, and the WORD was with GOD, and the WORD WAS GOD. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being.  (VERSE 14)“And the WORD became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.”


  • (JOHN 6:35) …………..“I AM the bread of life.”
  • (JOHN 8:12) …………..“I AM the light of the world.”
  • (JOHN 8:58) …………..“Before Abraham was born I AM.”
  • (JOHN 10:7) …………. “I AM the door.”
  • (JOHN 10:11) …………“I AM the good shepherd.”
  • (JOHN 11:25) …………“I AM the resurrection and the life.”
  • (JOHN 15:5) …………..“I AM the vine.”
  • (JOHN 14:6) …………..“I AM the way and the truth and the life.”

Jesus was the only one who said “I AM” to describe His many characteristics, but truly He was the pre-incarnate Christ who spoke to Moses and said; “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’”

The Lord Jesus said in (REVELATION 1:8), “I AM the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “Who is and who was and who is to come, THE ALMIGHTY.” Alpha and Omega, which is the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, were used to express the ETERNITY OF GOD.

Jesus, the Almighty God is the “I AM”. Who commanded the Ten Commandments? Before the “THOU SHALL NOT” is the PREAMBLE by “THE GREAT I AM”.

(EXODUS 20:2), “I AM the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.” In like manner, a person who become a Christian and delivered out from the land of slavery of sin is commanded to obey JESUS’ Commands. Jesus said in (LUKE 6:46), “Why do you call me, Lord, Lord; and do not do what I say?” (JOHN 14:15), “If you love me, you will obey what I command.”


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